Mechanisms that produce ascites are complex and incompletely understood. Free fluid within the abdominal cavity. The main causes include liver disease, nephrotic syndrome and tubercal infection.
Ascites is a disease which is also known as free fluid in the peritoneal cavity. Ascites may be of small amount or large amount with the symptoms of abdominal distention, discomfort, anorexia, nausea, gastroesophageal reflex, flank pain and respiratory distress. The patient with the complain of ascites usually have an enlarged belly with prominent feeling of heaviness and discomfort, the legs swell and the patient is breathless perhaps has palpitation. Patient must contact the family physician because this condition can convert into a serious illness. Ultrasound is the best diagnostic tool to determine the presence of free fluid (Ascites) in the abdominal cavity.